Welcome

Warm greetings from the Society for Humanism (SOCH) Nepal, a secular Humanist organization based in Nepal, which aims to promote humanism and a humanistic life stance within Nepal. SOCH Nepal has a wide representation in Nepali society, including marginalized and female members within its executive board. SOCH Nepal was founded in 2005; within its short life, SOCH Nepal has already earned national and internal recognition within the humanist movement. The society is devoted to promoting humanism according to the Amsterdam Declaration 2002; SOCH has already carried out various activities to create awareness of humanism among the Nepali people.

कुरीतिजन्य हिंसा प्रतिवेदन भदौ - मंसिर, २०७३

dfgjjfbL ;dfh -;f]r_ g]kfnn] @)&# ebf} ! ut]b]lv ;f]xL aif{sf] d+l;/ d;fGt;Dd b]ze/ ePsf /fli6«o b}lgsx?df 5flkPsf  s'/Llth+Go 36gfsf] cWoog tyf clen]v tof/L u/L ljZn]if0f ;lxtsf] rf}dfl;s k|ltj]bg cfOtaf/ ;fj{hlgs u/lPsf] 5 .

clxn]sf] j}1flgs o"udf klg /Llt l/jfh Pj+ wd{, ;F:s[tLsf gfddf dfG5]dfly x'g] cdfgljo 36gfx?nfO{ Go"lgs/0f ug{ / x/]s dfG5]nfO{ cfTd;Ddfgsf ;fy afFRg kfpFg] jftfj/0fsf] ;[hgf ug{ ;f]rn] s'/LlthGo lx+;fsf af/]df cWoog ul//x]sf] 5 .

o;} ;Gbe{df g]kfnsf d'Vo b}lgs klqsfdf 5flkPsf ;dfrf/x?nfO{ cfwf/ dfgL ;f]r g]kfnn] d]l8of df]lg6l/+u ;d]t ul//x]sf] 5 . ebf} ! ut] b]lv d+l;/ #) ut];Ddsf] s'/LlthGo lx+;fsf #$ j6f 36gfx? b}lgs klqsfdf ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g\ .

of] cjwLdf af]S;L k|yf &, afnlaafxsf $, 5fpk8L !, 5'jf5'tsf #,  bfOhf] k|yf $, ljw'jf k|yf @, jln k|yf !,wfdL emfFqmL %, xlnof %, s'df/L k|yf ! u/L #$ 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g\ . 36gfx?sf] uxgtf o; k|sf/ 5M.

;+:yfn] gful/s b}lgs, sflGtk'/ b}lgs, /fhwfgL b}lgs, uf]/vfkq b}lgs, gofF klqsf b}lgs, cGgk"0f{ kf]i6 b}lgs / g]kfn ;dfrf/ kq b}lgs df k|sflzt ;dfrf/x?nfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ k|ltj]bg agfO{Psf] 5 .;dfrf/kqx?df ;fj{hlgs ePsf 36gfx?sf] ljj/0fx? lgDgfg';f/ 5g\M

!= af]S;L

of] cjwLdf af]S;L ;DaGwL & j6f 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g\ .

·     bfªM t'n;Lk'/ gu/kflnsf—!( h;k'/sL ^% jifL{of df]tL kl/of/nfO{ af]S;L cf/f]kdf s'6lk6 u/]sf] cleof]udf k|x/Ln] t'n;Lk'/—@) sL clgtf e08f/LnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . 5f]/f nfdf] ;dob]vL la/fdL ePsf sf/0f ebf} #) ut] gjnk'/df nfUg] d]nfdf wfdLnfO{ cIftf x]/fpg] a]nf blnt / af]S;L cfP/ clgi6 ePsf] eGb} s'6lk6 u/]sf] kLl8tsf] u'gf;f] 5 .

·     afFs]M gf}a:tL—( ltnsk'/sf @! jifL{of lbg]z yf?n] >LdtLnfO{ af]S;L nufPsf] eGb} l5d]sL 8G8L yf?nfO{ lr/k6n] xfg]/ xTof u/]sf x'g\ . ljjfx u/]sf] b'O{ dlxgfk5L g} sNkgf yf? la/fdL kg{ yfnLg\ . pkrf/ u/fOg\, t/ rf/ jif{ ;Dd klg lgsf] geO[ pN6} b[li6 u'Db} uPkl5 sNkgf / pgsf klt wfdL´fFqmL sxfF wfpg yfn] / af]S;Lsf] sf/0f ePsf] z+sfdf /ftL * ah] l5d]sLsf] cfFugdf ds} 5f]8fO /x]sf]a]nf 8G8Lsf] xTof u/]sf x'g\ .

 

·      vf]6fªM Rofg8fF8f—! 5f]/fnfO{ af]S;L nfu]/ af]Ng g;sGg] agfsf] cf/f]k nufpFb} :yfgLo wguGh /fO{ bDktLn] &@ jifL{of Psn j[åfnfO{  d/0ff;Gg x'g] u/L s'6lk6 u/]sf x'g\ . tLg dlxgf laTbf klg kLl8t j[åfn] Goof kfpg ;s]gg\ eg] k|x/Ln] ;d]t sdhf]/ d'2f rnfP/ bf]ifLnfO{ sf/afxL ug'{kg]{df pGd'lQm lbg vf]lhPsf] b]lvPsf] lyof] .

·      hgsk'/wfdM v/LxfgL uflj;f l;d/f9L j8f g+ % lgjf;L ^) jifL{of j[åf hfgsLb]jL sfk8nfO{ af]S;L cf/f]kdf :yfgLon] jif{ lbgb]vL nuftf/ oftgf tyf s'6lk6 ub}{ cgPsf x'g\ . ul/a  kl/jf/sL sfk8nfO{ s'6lk6sf sf/0f pgsf] xftv'Ýfdf rf]6k6s nfu]kl5 pkrf/sf] nflu  hgsk'/ c~rn c:ktfndf egf{ u/]kl5 36gf aflx/ cfPsf] xf] .

·     bf]nvfM  b'O{ b]j/ / ltgsf kl/jf/af6 af]S;L cf/f]kdf lg/Gt/ s'6lk6 / nfG5gf a]xf]b}{ cfPsf] ltyf{dfof ljs ;xg g;s]/ Gofo dfUb} ;b/d'sfd k'u]sf x'g\ . b]j/x?n] cl3Nnf] jif{ klg af]S;L cf/f]kdf lb;f / lk;fa v'jfpg vf]h]sf] kLl8tn] atfP .

·      jL/uGhM k;f{sf] ax'cjf{e7f uflj; ^ ubf}{nsL ^) jifL{of /flwsfb]jL t'/lxgnfO{ l5d]sL /fdfgGb lag / pgsf 5f]/f d's]z lagn] af]S;Lsf] cf/f]kdf s'6lk6 u/L 3fOt] agfPsf] kLl8t /flwsfb]ljsf 5f]/f a}hgfyn] atfP . pgsf] 6fpsf]df rf/j6f 6fsfF nufOPsf] 5. k;f{sf k|x/L gfoj pkl/Ifs rqm/fh hf]zLn] 36gfsf af/]df cg';Gwfg eO/x]sf] atfP.

·       sfe|]M ;fgf] uf}ynL j8f g+ & lgjf;L ## jifL{of nIdL kl/of/nfO{ af]S;Lsf] cf/f]kdf dnd'q v'jfP/ lg3f{t s'6lk6 ubf{ pgsf] d[To' ePsf] xf] . :yfgLo lzIfs xL/f nfdfsf] g]t[Tjdf kl/of/nfO{ 8f]/Ln] afFw]/ dnd"q v'jfO{ lg3f{t s'6lk6 ul/Psf] lyof] . cfkm'dfly s'6lk6 ePkl5 kLl8t kl/of/n] k|x/Ldf lgj]bg lbPsf lyP / :yfgLon] ldnfkq u/fPsf] @$ 3G6f glaTb} kl/of/sf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] .

@= afnlaafx

  of] cjwLdf afnljjfx ;DaGwL $ j6f 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g\ .

 kfNkfM Hofld/]l:yt nfe]bfsL !% jifL{of bLkf cfn] 6f9fsf] ljBfno k9\g hfg g;s]kl5 lax]nfO{ /f]h]sf] atfOg\ . ;fyL;+utsf] nx}nx}df / ljBfno hfg 6f9f ePkl5 k9\g'eGbf lax] ug{ /fd|f] 7flgg\ .

   kj{tM lrq] uflj;—* sL l/t' ;'gf/n] !$ jif{sf] pd]/d} l5d]sL lszf]/;Fu ljjfx ul/g\. ljjfx u/]sf] s]lx dlxgfkl5 g} pgL ue{jtL eOg\. pd]/ gk'uLsg ljjfx ePsfn] pgdf y'k|} vfnsf :jf:Yo ;d:ofx? b]lvP. clxn] pgsf] klxnf] ;Gtfg jif{sf] eO;s]sf] 5 eg] nuQ} bf];|f] ;Gtfg klg hGdfOg\, bf];|f] ;Gtfg Ps jif{sf] sfvdf 5 . 

dxf]Q/LM km'nsfxf—(, hd'lgofdf ha/h:tL afnljjfx u/fpg nId0f rf}w/Lsf] 3/df aGws agfPsL !$ jifL{of cf/tLs'df/L rf}w/LnfO{ k|x/L / afnclwsf/ ;+/If0fsdL{n] p¢f/ u/]sf 5g\ . nId0fsf !^ jifL{of 5f]/f s[i0f;Fu k|]d;DaGw /x]sf] eGb} ufFpsf k~rx?n] s]6f kIfnfO{ *) xhf/ eg] s]6L kIfnfO{ %) xhf/ hl/afgf u/fO{ lszf]/LnfO{ ha/h:tL s[i0fsf] 3/df /fv]sf lyP .

dxf]Q/LM km'nsfxf—( hd'lgofdf !# jifL{of c~hnL rf}w/L / ?k]z rf}w/Lsf] k|]d;DaGw /x]sf] eGb} ufFpsf k~rx?n] s]6f kIfnfO{ &% xhf/ / s]6L kIfnfO{ $) xhf/ hl/afgf dfUb} d+l;/ !* df ljjfx u/fpg] lgwf] u/]sf lyP . ?k]zsf] cfkmGtsf] lgwg ePkl5 ljjfx /f]lsPsf] :yfgLon] atfP .

#= hftLo 5'jf5't

  of] cjwLdf hftLof 5'jf5't ;DaGwL # j6f 36gfx? ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g\ .

  r}gk'/M l/n' uflj;f * åf/Ldf nfu]sf] x/]nf] d]nfdf :yfgLo nfnaxfb'/ cfu|Ln] dlGb/ 5f]Pkl5 ;'g;lxt gub hl/jfg lt/]sf 5g\ . l/n' uflj;f 3/ePsf cfu|Ln] eQmhgsf nflu k|;fb ksfPsf] :yfg / sflnsf b]jLsf] dlGb/df k|j]z u/]kl5 Ps cfgf ;'g;lxt @ xhf/ gub lt/]sf x'g\ f 

l;/fxfM s'af{ xg'dfggu/df :yfgLo lnlno dlNns / hx/L dlNnsnfO{ slyt pRr hftsf ufFpn]n] 57sf] cj;/df d'naf6f] lx8\g' / kf]v/L3f6 hfg  /f]s nufP . dlNns b'O{ kl/jf/n] lbpF;} hnfzo kf]v/Lsf] 3f6 ;kmfO u/] klg cfkm\g} af/Ldf vfN8f] vg]/ 6\o'aj]nsf] kfgL hdfP/ h]gt]g 57 dgfpg afWo ePsf lyP .

;'v]{tM ;fnsf]6 & b'O{ jif{ nfdf] k|]d ;DaGwnfO{ j}jflxs ;DaGwdf hf]8\g] tof/Ldf /x]sf 6Lsf/fd ljsn] l5d]sL uflj;f aflaofrf}/ * sL s7fot o'jtLnfO{ lbbLsf[ 3/df NofO;s]sf lyP t/ dfOtLn] blnt o'jf;Fu 5f]/L efu]sf] yfxf kfPkl5 lax]df cj/f]w x'g] ePdf sf/0f pgLx? OlG8of efu] . efUg] qmddf a]rlavg ug{ nu]sf] eGb} g]kfnuGhdf em'6f d'2f nufP/ km;fPsf lyP . dfOtL kIfsf] bafakl5 o'jtLn] g} l6sf/fd lj?¢ d'2f lbPsf] kl/jf/sf] cf/f]k lyof] .

$= ljw'jf k|yf

rf/ dlxgfsf] cjwLdf ljw'jf k|yf ;DaGwL @ j6fdfq ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 .

  jL/uGh M k;f{sf] lj>fdk'/ 3/ ePsL $) jif]{ Psn dlxnf pld{nf b]jL >Ldfgsf] d[To' ePotf jif{b]vL s'6lk6 ;xFb} cfPsL l5g\ . kl/jf/sf ;;'/f, h]7fg, h]7fgL / pgLx?sf 5f]/f5f]/L dg nfu]sf] a]nf ufln ug]{ tyf s'6lk6 ug]{ u/]sf] / 6f]nl5d]ssfn] klg dg nfu]sf] a]nf lgxF' lems]/ s'l6xfNg] lk8Ltsf] u'gf;f] 5 .

;Kt/LM ef/bx, dw]; cfGbf]ngdf k|x/Lsf] uf]nL nfu]/ >Ldfgsf] d[To' ePkl5 gLndnfO{ ;f;" / ;;'/fn] 3/ 5f]8\g bafa lbO/x]sf 5g\ . 5f]/f;Fu v';L;fy ljjfx u/fP klg 5f]/f gePkl5 a'xf/L /fVg c;'Osf/ ub}{ b'Mv lbO/x]sf] lk8Ltsf] egfO{ 5 .

%= xlnof

of] cjwLdf ax'laafx ;DalGw % j6f ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 .

 Afh'/fM sf]6Lnf @ vf]of ufFpsf wgdn] nf]xf/sf] hLjge/ :yfgLo sfnLaxfb'/ dNn kl/jf/sf] xlnof a:bf a:b} d[To' eof] . ;/sf/n] xlnof d'lQmsf] k|lqmof ;'? u/]kl5 wgdnsf 5f]/fx?n] d'lQmsf] kl/rokq t kfP t/ hLjg lgjf{x ug{ kml/ ;fx"x?s} 3/df xlnof a:g afWo 5g\ .

 Hfh/sf]6M k':tf}+b]lv xlnof a:b} cfPsf hfh/sf]6 bx —( sf ufgf] bdfO{ xlnofaf6 d'Qm x'Fbf * jif{cl3 lgs} v';L lyP t/ hLjg lgjf{x ;xh gePkl5 lg/fz 5g\ . ufgf]sf xh'/a'af hojL/ bdfO{n] ufpFs} d'g] a:g]tsf afh]af6 C0f:j?k lnPsf] Ps ;o ?k}ofF ltg{ g;Sbf pgL xlnof a:g afWo ePsf lyP .

Afh'/fM aw', lkkn8fF8f—% dfgla/ n'jf/n] kfFr jif{ klxn] lnPsf] ^))) xhf/ ltg{ g;Sbf  :yfgLo 8an sfsL{sf]df xlnof a:g afWo ePsf 5g\ . ;/sf/n] xlnof d'lQmsf] k|lqmof ;'? u/] klg plgx?df s'g} km/s g/x]sf] dfgla/n] atfP .

88]Nw'/fM s}nkfndf8f}+—! Dff]O{sf @) jif{b]lv ;fx'sf] 3/df sfd ub}{ cfPsf l6sf/fd 6d6fn]   xlnofd'Qmsf] kl/rofkq kfP klg ;fx'af6 d'Qm gePsf] atfP .

aemfªM ;/sf/n] aemfªsf d'Qm xlnofnfO{ lbg] hUuf vl/b tyf 3/ lgdf{0fsf] /fxt /sd /f]lsPsf] 5 . r}gk'/, 8f8fufpFsf /+u] ;fsL{n] dfnkf]t sfo{nofdf hUuf vl/b eg]/ b'O{ nfv ?k}ofFsf] ;Demf}tf u/] klg Ps nfv %) xhf/ ?k}ofF dfq kfPsf] u'gf;f] 5 .

^= 5f}k8L

rf/ dlxgfsf] cjwLdf 5fpk8L ;DaGwL ! j6fdfq ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 .

·     c5fdM ltldN;]gf—* 8Dd/f pkfWofosf] 3/af6 $) lkm6sf] b'/Ldf /x]sf] 5fpuf]7df Hofg uPsf] 5 . /flt :j:y cj:yfdf ;'t]sL pkfWofosf] x[bof3ftsf sf/0f d[To' ePsf] x'g ;Sg] cfz+sf ul/P klg ;f]sf] k'li6 eO;s]sf] 5}g .

 &= aln k|yf

rf/ dlxgfsf] cjwLdf aln k|yf ;DaGwL ! j6fdfq ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 .

·        sf7df8f}+M :joDj', ;fgf]eKofªl:yt 3/sf] cFWof/f] sf]7fdf wflbªsL Ps o'jtL / o'jsnfO{ anL lbgsf] nflu !* lbg;Dd aGws agfP/ /fv]sf] v'nf;f ePsf] 5 . cf]dsf/ zfx Jofkf/ Joj;foeGbf tGqdGqn] rdTsf/ x'g] cGwljZjf;df ef}+tfl//xbf ef/tLo tflGqs sfg' kx/Lsf] ;Dks{df k'u] . kx/Ln] dfgj aln lbg] Joj:yf u/] rdTsf/ x'g] ;'g]kl5 zfx To;sf] tof/Ldf h'6] . kLl8t o'jtLnfO{ pgs} sfG5f a'afsf 5f]/fn] kmsfP/ tflGqssxfF NofP / lbgx'F k"hfdf ;xefuL u/fpg] u/]sf lyP . a]xf];Ldf o'jtLnfO{ tflGqsn] aln lbg] s'/f atfPkl5 /fh:jnf ePsf] df}sf 5f]kL bfOnfO{ lnP/ eflug\ . o'jtLn] wflbª k|x/Ldf hfx]/ lbPkl5 yk cg';Gwfg ubf{ o'jtLn] eg]sf] 7fpFdf ;fdfu|L e]6]kl5 cf/f]kLnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf x'g\ .

*= bfOhf]

rf/ dlxgfsf] cjwLdf aln k|yf ;DaGwL $ j6f ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 .

·        lj/f6gu/M ef/tLo HjfFOnfO{ 5f]/f] agfP/ g]kfnL gful/stf lbnfpg vf]Hg] /+u]nL $ rf]k|fxfsf   jL/]Gb|k|;fb d08nnfO{ k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . jL/]Gb|n] cfkm\gL 5f]/L clgtfb]jLsf] ljjfx ;'/h;Fu u/fpFbf bfOhf]sf gfddf g]kfnL gful/stf agfOlbg] ;xdlt u/]sf] v'n]sf] 5 .

·        g]kfnuGhM ho;k'/ @ sL !* jifL{of a};/ hfxfF cG;f/L bfOhf]s} sf/0f >Ldfgnufot 3/kl/jf/sf ;b:oaf6 lx+;fdf kl/g\ . >Ldfg /xdt cnL;Fu kl5 ldnfkq ePsf] 5 .

·        g]kfnuGhM g]kfnuGh # sL nAnL ;f]gLnfO{ ^ nfv bfOhf] gNofPsf] cf/f]kdf oftgf lbPkl5 @ jif{b]lv dfOtLdf g} a:b} cfPsL 5g\ .

·        ;nf{xLM d"ltof % sL @) jifLof cd[tf s'df/Ln] ;fdflhs k/Dk/fcg';f/ )&@ d+l;/df nfnalGbsf ;fu/ dxtf];Fu lax] ubf{ cd[tfsf] kl/jf/nfO{ cf7 nfv ?k}ofFeGbf a9L vr{ eof]. ljjfx ePsf] s]xL dlxgfd} cd{tfnfO{ l>dfg\sf] 3/df a:g lbPgg\, pgL dfOtLdf a:b} cfOg\ .

(= s'df/L

rf/ dlxgfsf] cjwLdf aln k|yf ;DaGwL @ j6f ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 .

·        eQmk'/M hLljt b]jL dflgg] s'df/Lsf] dfl;s kfl/>d hDdf # xhf/ %) ?k}ofFdfq 5 . sf7df8f}+ / nlntk'/sf s'df/Lsf] kfl/>lds eg] eQmk'/sL s'df/LeGbf a9L 5 .

·        nlntk'/M !) jif{ s'df/L a;]/ ;g\ @)!) df lgl:sPkl5 lzIffsf] dxTjsf] af/]df af]Nb} cfPsL 5g\, kf6gsL k"j{s'df/L rlgof jh|frfo{ . s'df/Lsf] hLjgdf ef]u]sf ;d:of s]s:tf x'5g\ eGg] s'/f pgn] ToxfFaf6 lg:s]kl5 atfpg] u/]sL 5g\ . jh|frfo{sf] cg';f/ s'df/L aGbf lzIfs vf]Hg], pgLx?nfO{ tna v'jfpg] s'/fdf klg ;d:of 5 .

!)= wfdLemfFqmL k|yf

rf/ dlxgfsf] cjwLdf aln k|yf ;DaGwL % j6f ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 .

·        ndh'ªM Kof/h'ªl:yt a'åldng dfljsf ljBfyL{x? aa{/fpFb} bf}8g], ?g], s/fpg], cfkm\g} skfn e'tNofpg] ;d:of b]vf k/]kl5 ljBfyL{ /fv]/ k"hfkf7 ul/Psf] lyof] . k"hfkf7 kfrf]ssf gfd rn]sf emfFqmL b]jL/fd tfdfªn] u/]sf lyP .

·      sflnsf]6M lrnvfofF—# ;;'/fnL a:b} cfPsf x:taxfb'/ l;+xnfO{ wfdL emfFqmL a;fNg] ljifodf ljjfb x'Fbf ;f]xL 7fFpsf ;a} ufFpn] ldln ;fd"lxs ?kdf cfqmd0f u/]sf / pkrf/s} qmddf 3fOt]sf] d[To' ePsf] kLl8t kl/jf/sf] egfO 5 .

·        b}n]vM ¢G¢sf] ;dodf e't k|]t x'Fb}g / b]jL b]ptf dfGg'x'Fb}g eg]/ eg]/ wfdL k'hf/Lsf 6'KkL sf6\g] dfcf]jfbLsf sfo{stf{ wfgL ePsf] b]v]/ ufpFsf ;a} dflg; crDddf k/]sf 5g\ . o;/L wfdL  x'g]df rfd'08f—& sf g]skf dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf k"j{ hgd'lQm ;]gf /fdaxfb'/ zfxL x'g\ 

·        l;Gw'kfNrf]sM  x}a'ª—% sflG5dfof tfdfªsf] :tgsf] 3fp ulxl/g] / 5ftLdf km}ng] qmd hf/L 5 t/ vr{sf] cefjsf sf/0f pgsf] pkrf/ x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . c:ktfn guP klg 3fp b'v]/ rNg g;Sbf emf/km'ssf nflu  wfdLemfFqmL af]nfpg] u/]sL l5g\ . jiff}{b]vLsf] 5ftLsf] 3fp emf/km's / h8La'6Ln] s]xL c;/ gu/]sf] :yfgLo ;]t] tfdfªn] atfP .

 afFs]M alb{of wwjf/sf wgL/fd yf?sf] xft v'§f c;fWo} b'v]kl5 ufFpsf u'?jf -emfqmL_ nfO{ b]vfP / u'?jfn] e't gnfu]sf] eg]/ kmsf{P . v'§fsf] b'vfO{ sd gePkl5 8fS6/nfO{ b]vfpbf wgL/fdnfO{ …l;sn;]n PlgldofÚ ePsf] k'li6 u/]sf lyP .

ut rf}dfl;ssf] t'ngfdf o; rf}dfl;sdf 36]sf s'/LlthGo 36gfsf] ;+VofTds t'ngf tnsf] u|fkmdf ul/Psf] 5 .


ut dlxgfsf] u|fkm x]{bf of] dlxgfdf af]lS; k|yfsf] 36gf a9]sf] 5 of] rff}df;Lsdf af]lS; k|yfsf] ;ft j6f 36gf k|sfzLt ePsf] b]lvG5 eg] afnljjfx / bfOhf] k|yfsf]  rf/ j6f 36g 36]ssf] 5 . uf|km cg';f/ of] rf}df;lsdf afnljjxfsf] 36gf sd ePsf] b]lvg 5 eg] bfO{hf] k|yfsf] 36gf klg sd ePsf] b]lvG5 . To;}ul/ u/L 5'jf5't k|yf a9]sf]  u|fkmdf b]Vg ;lsG5  eg] 5'jf5'tsf] ltgj6f 36gf ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5 / To;}u/L ax'ljjfxsf] 36gf of] rf}df;Lsdf s'g} klg 36gf 36]sf] kfOb}g . pQm u|fkmdf 5fpkl8sf] hDdf Ps j6f 36gf k|fKt ePsf] 5 eg] aln k|yfsf] klg Ps j6f 36gf ;fj{hlgs ePsf] b]lvg5 . wfldemflqm k|yf / xlnof k|yf ;DalGw hDdf kfr j6f 36gf k|sfzLt ePsf] 5. To;}u/L s'df/L k|yf / ljw'jf k|yfsf] b'O{j6f w6gf k|sfzLt ePsf] 5.

 sf7df8f}+, k'; #÷ 

yk hfgsf/LsfnfuL M

dfgjjfbL ;dfh -;f]r_ g]kfn

alQ;k'tnL, sf7df08f} g]kfn .

kmf]g g+= )!–$$(&!^*÷$$*$&&&

kf]i6 aS; gDa/ ^&), sf7df08f}

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